The Cauchy integral on a planar curve is a fundamental object of complex analysis whose analytic properties are intimately related to the geometric properties of its supporting curve. In this talk I will begin by reviewing the most relevant features of the classical Cauchy integral. I will then move on to the (surprisingly more involved) construction of the Cauchy integral for
a hypersurface in $\mathbb C^n$.
I will conclude by presenting new results joint with E. M. Stein concerning the regularity properties of this integral and their relations with the geometry of the hypersurface.
(Time permitting) I will discuss applications of these results to the Szeg\Ho and Bergman projections (that is, the orthogonal projections of the Lebesgue space $L^2$ onto, respectively, the Hardy and Bergman spaces of holomorphic functions).