Paper: paywall
Halfaker, A. & Riedl, J. (2012). Bots and Cyborgs: Wikipedia's Immune System. IEEE Computer 45(3) 79–82. DOI=10.1109/MC.2012.82
@article{halfaker12bots, author={Aaron Halfaker and John Riedl}, title={Bots and Cyborgs: {W}ikipedia's Immune System}, year={2012}, journal={IEEE Computer}, volume={45}, issue={3}, pages={79--82} issue_date = {March 2012}, issn = {0018-9162}, numpages = {4}, doi = {10.1109/MC.2012.82}, publisher = {IEEE Computer Society Press}, address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA}, keywords = {social computing, bots, cyborgs, Wikipedia}, }

Bots and Cyborgs: Wikipedia's Immune System

Bots and Cyborgs are more than tools to better manage content quality on Wikipedia--through their interactions with humans, they're fundamentally changing its culture.

Gentle reader,

This article is the most restrictively licensed article I've had published. Unlike the rest of the papers I list in my publications, I am not legally able to deliver this manuscript to you free of charge. I'm truly sorry for this injustice. If you'd like to read the article and are unable to go through the usual means, email me and I will buy you a copy myself.

-Aaron Halfaker (

Featured publications

There are two publications that I reference heavily in this article. Both of them are primarily authored by R. Stuart Geiger. His work examines the roles that algorithmic agents (like robots) play in social systems (like Wikipedia).